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英语不规则动词归类记忆表


[  发表日期:2019-04-12 14:36 ]  作者管理员
 
AAA型(原形→原形→原形)
原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
read read read
cut cut cut 切,割
let let let
put put put
cost cost cost 花费,值
hit hit hit 撞,击
set set set 安排,安置
hurt hurt hurt 使…伤痛
bet bet bet 赌博,打赌
cast cast cast

 

ABA型(原形→过去式→原形
原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
become became become 成为
come came come
run ran run
throw threw thrown
ABC型

1. ow →ew →own

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
blow blew blown
draw drew drawn
grow grew grown 生长
know knew known   知道

 

2. i→a →u

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
begin began begun 开始
drink drank drunk
sing sang sung
swim swam swum 游泳
ring rang rung 打电话

 

3. 原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
wear wore worn 穿
forget forgot forgotten 忘记
speak spoke spoken
freeze froze frozen
choose chose chosen 选择
drive drove driven 驾驶
mistake mistook mistaken 误解
rise rose risen 上升
shake shook shaken

 

4. 原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
eat ate eaten
forbid forbade forbidden 禁止
give gave given
ride rode ridden
see saw seen 看见
write wrote written
fall fell fallen 落下
break broke broken 打破,折断
forgive forgave forgiven 原谅;宽恕

 

5. 无规律

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
am/is was been
are were been
do did done
go went gone
take took taken

 

ABB型

1. 原形→ought →ought

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
bring brought brought 带来
buy bought bought
fight fought fought 打架
think thought thought 思考
seek sought sought 寻求

 

2. 原形→aught →aught

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
catch caught caught 捉,抓
teach taught taught

 

3. 变其中一个元音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
feed fed fed
meet met met 遇见
get  got got 得到
hold held held 拥有
babysit babysat babysat 临时照看
sit sat sat
win won won
find found found 发现
bend bent bent 使弯曲
dig dug dug
lead led led 引导
sell sold sold

 

4. 原形→□t→□t

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
feel felt felt 感到
keep kept kept 保持
leave left left 离开
sleep slept slept
sweep swept swept
smell smelt smelt 闻;发出气味
retell retold retold 复述

 

5. 变其中一个辅音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
build built built 建造
hear heard heard 听见
make made made 制造
mean meant meant 意思
send sent sent 送,寄
spend spent spent 花费
deal dealt dealt 处理
rebuild rebuilt rebuilt 重建
lend lent lent 借贷

 

6.辅音字母和元音字母都变

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
have had had 有,吃
lay lain lain
lose lost lost 丢失
pay paid paid 付钱
say said said
sell sold sold
tell told told 告诉
stand stood stood
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood 误解
shoot shot shot 放炮;开枪
understand understood understood 理解

 

AAB型
原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
beat beat beaten 打败

 

有两种形式
原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
bear bore born
bore borne
hang hanged hanged 吊死
hung hung
learn learned learned
learnt learnt
lie lied lied 说谎
lay lain
show showed showed 给……看
showed shown
spell spelled spelled 拼写
spelt spelt
burn burned  burned
burnt burnt
smell smelled smelled
smelt smelt
shine shined shined 照耀
shone shone
dream dreamed dreamed 做梦
dreamt dreamt
wake waked waked
woke woken
hide hid hid 躲藏
hid hidden
bite bit bit
bit bitten
light lighted iighted 点着
lit lit
prove proved proved 证明
proved proven
quit quit quit 放弃
quited quited
rid rid rid 免除;去掉
ridded ridded
saw sawed sawed
sawed sawn
sew sewed sewed 缝纫
sewed sown
shine shone shone 发光;闪亮
shined shined
sink sank sunk 下沉
sank sunken
sow sowed sowed 种植
sowed sown
spit spat spat
spit spit
spring sprang sprung 跳跃
sprung sprung
wet wet wet 浸湿;弄湿
wetted wetted
情态动词
原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
can could
may might 也许
must 必须
shall should 将要
will would
 
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